World of Mosses website

A Graphic Guide to Ontario Mosses

by Robert Muma


Growth Form Plate #4

Separate Upright Plants
Dendroid (tree-shaped) or Umbrella-shaped




Growth Form Plate #4

North America has few dendroid genera:
In the East:
On the West Coast:


New Zealand is noted for its variety of dendroid mosses, including the picturesque "umbrella mosses".

*Climacium is included in this acrocarpous grouping only because it is so obviously a separate, upright plant and seldom has sporophytes to establish its true identity in this respect.  When it does have sporophytes, they emanate from along its branches; therefore, it properly belongs with the pleurocarpous mosses.  See Growth Form Plate #9.


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